Climbing the Property Ladder

Written by Fraser Stewart
Reading time 7 minutes
Climbing the Property Ladder image

If you're a first-time homebuyer, it might seem too early to worry about climbing the property ladder when you're still trying to take that first step. However, it's essential to plan for the future regarding property. Once you've purchased your first home, consider when and how you'll move up the UK property ladder in the coming years.

What is the Property Ladder?

The property ladder is a term used to describe buying and selling property to move up to a more expensive or desirable home over time. There are typically several steps on the property ladder, which may vary depending on an individual's circumstances and goals:

  1. First-time homebuyer: This is the first step on the property ladder for many people and refers to purchasing a first home.
  2. Second stepper: This refers to the process of buying a second home, typically one that is more expensive or desirable than the first.
  3. Move-up buyer: This refers to a buyer looking to move up to an even more expensive or desirable property, often because of lifestyle changes or an increase in income.
  4. Downsizer: This refers to a buyer looking to move to a smaller, more manageable property, often because of a change in circumstances such as retirement or the departure of children from the home.
  5. Investor: This refers to a buyer looking to purchase a property primarily to earn rental income or as an investment rather than as a primary residence.

Climbing the Property Ladder as a First-Time Buyer

Purchasing your first home is a significant milestone, but once you've achieved that, it's important to start thinking about moving up the property ladder. Here are some things to consider as you work towards buying a more expensive or desirable home.

  1. Save for a larger deposit
  2. Don't let aspirations cloud your judgement 
  3. Be open to compromise
  4. Don't be intimidated by a "fixer-upper"
  5. Be willing to make sacrifices
  6. Leverage your experience
  7. Factor in extra costs
  8. Stay informed about the housing market
  9. Explore alternative financing options
  10. Take advantage of government-backed schemes

Saving a Deposit

By saving a larger deposit on your first home, you could put yourself in a better position to move up the property ladder. For instance, if you can put down a deposit of 15-20%, rather than the typical 10% in the UK, you will benefit from a higher equity percentage from the outset. Additionally, you will likely qualify for a mortgage with a lower interest rate. This can make it easier to afford a more expensive home in the future.

Aspirations vs Judgement

As a first-time homebuyer, it's natural to have aspirations and dreams about the perfect home. However, being realistic about what you can afford is important, especially as a first-time buyer. If you stretch your budget too thin or take on too much debt to buy a more expensive home, you may find yourself struggling to make the monthly mortgage payments or facing financial setbacks that could impact your ability to climb the property ladder in the future. By setting achievable goals and remaining realistic about what you can afford, you can set yourself up for success and create a solid foundation for climbing the property ladder in the future. Remember that your first home is just a stepping stone to bigger and better things, so don't be afraid to start small and work your way up.

Embrace Compromise

As a first-time homebuyer, it's important to be open to compromise when finding the right home. It's unlikely that you'll find a home that ticks every box on your wish list, so you'll need to make some compromises to get on the first rung of the property ladder. This might mean considering a home that is located further away from your ideal neighbourhood or one that is smaller or in need of some renovations. By being open to compromise, you can find a home that fits your budget and meets your basic needs, even if it isn't exactly what you had in mind. Remember that your first home is just a stepping stone; with time and effort, you can work your way up the property ladder to a home that better meets your long-term goals and aspirations.

Consider a "Fixer-Upper"

Purchasing a property needing a refurbishment can be an intelligent way to move up the property ladder, especially if you are a first-time buyer with a limited budget. By buying a fixer-upper, you may save money on the purchase price and get a home that meets your basic needs, even if it isn't exactly what you had in mind. Once you've bought the property, you can invest in renovations to improve its appearance and functionality. By adding value to the property through renovations, you may be able to sell the home for a higher price and use the extra capital to take the next step on the property ladder.

However, it's essential to be realistic about your renovation goals and budget. Major renovations can be expensive and time-consuming, so ensure you have the financial resources and skills to handle the project. It's also a good idea to consult an estate agent or property expert to know how much value your renovations will likely add to the home. 

Make Sacrifices

As you work your way up the property ladder, you'll need to be willing to make sacrifices to achieve your homeownership goals. This might mean giving up certain luxuries or cutting back on expenses to save for a deposit. You may also need to work longer hours or take on additional responsibilities to increase your income and build a stronger financial foundation. Remember that these sacrifices are not permanent and are simply a means to an end.

Leverage Your Experience

Buying and selling properties can be a complex and sometimes challenging process. Still, it can also provide you with valuable experience that can help you as you move up the property ladder. As you buy and sell homes, you'll have the opportunity to develop important skills to help you in your future homeownership endeavours.

For example, you may learn how to negotiate with sellers and estate agents, budget for additional costs such as closing fees and estate agency commissions, and navigate the mortgage process. You may also develop resilience and problem-solving skills as you navigate the ups and downs of the property market.

Factor In Extra Costs

It is important to remember that there are costs over-and-above the property price, such as estate agent fees and conveyancing costs. These additional expenses should be factored into your budget when you're planning to move up the property ladder.

Stay Informed

Keep an eye on the housing market and look for opportunities to buy when prices are favourable. This can help you get the most value for your money and make it easier to move up the property ladder.

Explore Financing Options

If you're having trouble qualifying for a traditional mortgage, consider alternative financing options such as owner financing or rent-to-own arrangements.

Take advantage of government-backed schemes

There may be government programs or grants available to help you buy a home, especially if you are a first-time buyer or have a low income. For instance, the Lifetime ISA (LISA) can be an attractive option.


There isn't a one-size-fits-all answer to the question of when you should move up the property ladder, as it will depend on your circumstances and goals. Here are a few things to consider when deciding if it's the right time to move up:


Before looking at more expensive properties, make sure you have the financial means to afford the additional costs of buying and maintaining a more expensive home. This includes having a good credit score, a solid deposit, and the ability to make monthly mortgage payments comfortably.

If your income is stable and you have a good job, you may be in a better position to move up the property ladder. However, if your income is unstable or you work in a very uncertain field, it may be wise to wait until you have a more secure financial foundation.


If you are outgrowing your current home or your needs have changed, it may be time to consider moving up the property ladder. For example, you may need a larger home with more bedrooms and bathrooms if you have a growing family. Or, if you are empty nesters, you may want to downsize to a smaller home that is easier to maintain.

Buying and selling a home can be a time-consuming and stressful process, so make sure you have the time and energy to devote to it. If you are already stretched thin with work and family commitments, it may be wise to wait until you have more bandwidth to handle the additional moving responsibilities.

Your Goals

Before looking at more expensive homes, make sure you have a clear idea of what you want and why you want it. Are you looking for a bigger house to start a family, or are you looking to downsize because you are empty nesters? Having a clear goal can help you make a more informed decision about when to move up the property ladder.

Economic Trends

If you are considering moving up the property ladder, paying attention to the local housing market can be helpful. If property prices are rising, it may be a good time to sell your current home and buy a more expensive one, as you may be able to get more value for your money. However, if property prices are stagnant or declining, it may be wise to wait until the market improves before moving.

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